What is the Expected Elevator Life Cycle?

As with most things, there are many different ways to view and discuss this topic and just as many average or bad answers. For a better answer, you must ask a better question. To do this you need to ask a more precise question. So for this article, we will view “life cycle” as the efficient and safe life cycle and not simply the serviceable life cycle commonly used. To be even more specific, we will define efficient not just as energy efficient, but also to mean the performance of the elevator is such that it performs within the same standards as when it was designed and installed.
The topic of “safe” is more than just the obvious. It’s not only that you are not directly hurt by the elevator. Safe should also mean that you are not trapped on the elevator and thus require an emergency rescue. Safe should mean that if you are trapped, you are rescued by a highly trained and experienced elevator technician in a minimal amount of time. Safe should mean that the elevator continues to have an extremely low rate of any type of malfunction. Safe should further be defined as the elevators comply with all codes and laws applicable for each unit. An argument could even be made that safe should mean that not just the adopted codes for a particular jurisdiction, but all new codes within a reasonable amount of time. After all, most new codes are created for safety reasons. For this article and simplicity sake, we will stick with adopted codes applicable to each unit.
I and most professionals agree that life cycle is highly dependent on the following items and more:
1- Quality of Maintenance
2- Consistency of Maintenance
3- Maintenance Personnel
4- Emergency Personnel
5- Use, Misuse and Abuse
6- Quality of Equipment
7- Quality of Installation
8- Environmental Conditions
9- Technology Used in Equipment
10- Continuous Repairs and Upgrades
With these in mind it’s fairly easy to answer the question. The efficient and safe life cycle of an elevator depends on an enormous amount of things and is very subjective. To err on the side of caution for your tenants and everyone else concerned, you will either need to replace the equipment earlier than necessary or have a regular analysis performed by a qualified consultant. That’s the simple answer!

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